Rewrite about (biochemistry) Article -- 2


English has acquired the status of an international language, especially for science

and technology (e.g., Grabe & Kaplan, 1996; Johns & Dudley-Evans, 1991). As a

result, research articles in English have become one of the main channels for distributing and advancing scientific knowledge among scholars world-wide. In the context

of globalization and increasing international research collaborations, the ability to

read and/or write research articles in English is, thus, crucial for academic and professional success in science and technology. To facilitate the reading and/or writing

of scientific research articles, both native and non-native speakers of English need to

be aware of, among other things, the rhetorical organization conventionally used in

their fields of scientific interest.

In this regard, Swaless (1990) ground-breaking work has generated studies providing valuable insights into the rhetorical structure of individual sections (IMRD)

of research articles in various disciplines. However, certain criticism of this line of

research has been raised. First, move boundaries are semantically determined; lack

of explicit rules for decisions on move boundaries reflects the subjectivity of the judgment (Paltridge, 1994). The absence of rules leads to questions of the reliability and

empirical validity of the analysis. In addition, the implementations of Swales move

analysis by subsequent researchers are limited in many aspects. For instance, many

move-based studies tend to involve a relatively small number of texts (e.g., Peng,

1987; Williams, 1999; Wood, 1982), limiting the generalizability of the results. Moreover, few move-based studies (e.g., Nwogu, 1997; Posteguillo, 1999) have worked

with a representative corpus, thus past claims made by these studies have yet to

be substantiated. Finally, many studies (e.g., Brett, 1994; Hopkins & Dudley-Evans,

1988; Yang & Allison, 2003; Samraj, 2002; Swales & Najjar, 1987) focused only on a

few individual sections of research articles, rendering an incomplete rhetorical

description of the texts. In spite of these limitations, Swales analytical framework

and other researchers work in move analysis have been essential in popularizing

the importance of understanding how research articles are constructed.

The main objective of this study is the identification of the complete rhetorical

structure of biochemistry research articles through the use of Swales move analysis.

To overcome the shortcomings of previous research using move analysis, the study

includes the following procedures. First, a corpus of research articles representing

core journals in biochemistry was compiled; to obtain a more complete description

of research articles, the four sections of the article were included in the research (Section 2.1). Next, to assess the reliability of the move identification, an expert in biochemistry coded a subset of the corpus to identify the rhetorical moves of the four

sections. Then, inter-coder reliability between the author and the expert was analyzed (Section 2.3). Finally, the four sections of the corpus were analyzed for their

rhetorical structure (Section 3). The results of this study provide a basic template

for the structuring of academic writing in biochemistry and may be valuable to readers who perceive themselves as having difficulty in understanding research articles, as

well as to less experienced writers who need assistance when writing for publications

to better meet the international scientific communitys expectations and demands.

Kemahiran: Penyelidikan, Penulisan Siluman, Article Writing, Penulisan Penyelidikan , Penulisan Semula Artikel

Tentang Klien:
( 0 ulasan ) Patna, India

ID Projek: #33965854

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